Plant Health Archives, Volume 1, Issue 2 : 66-72. Doi : 10.54083/PHA/1.2.2023/66-72
Review Article

Published on : 28-Sep-2023

Nano-Agrochemicals: Risk Assessment and Management Strategies

  • Mahendra Prasad
  • Crop Production Division, ICAR-Indian Grassland and Fodder Research Institute, Jhansi, Uttar Pradesh (284 003), India
  • Sonu Kumar Mahawer
  • Crop Production Division, ICAR-Indian Grassland and Fodder Research Institute, Jhansi, Uttar Pradesh (284 003), India

Abstract

Application of nanotechnology in agriculture especially in the form of nano agrochemicals is increasing nowadays. Agrochemicals such as fertilizers, soil amendments, soil conditioners, pesticides and plant growth promoting hormones have both pros and cons. To overcome the constraints of conventional agrochemicals researchers are focusing on nano agrochemicals. Apart from the high potential and effectiveness these chemicals also have some threats to the human health, environment and ecological balances. With proper assessment of risks associated to these nano agrochemicals threats can be minimised and the potential of nanotechnology in agriculture can be explored to the greater extent. After assessment the risks could be managed by applying three thumb rules as risk prevention, risk mitigation and risk communication. In depth research is required to explore the potential of nanotechnology in agriculture.

Keywords

Environment, Human health, Nano-Agrochemical, Nanomaterial, Threats

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