Plant Health Archives, Volume 1, Issue 3 : 123-129. Doi : 10.54083/PHA/1.3.2023/123-129
Review Article

Published on : 12-Dec-2023

Nano-Bioformulation: A Spanking New Weapon for Plant Disease Management

  • Pranab Dutta
  • School of Crop Protection, College of Post Graduate Studies in Agricultural Sciences, Central Agricultural University (Imphal), Umiam, Meghalaya (793 103), India
  • Alinaj Yasin
  • School of Crop Protection, College of Post Graduate Studies in Agricultural Sciences, Central Agricultural University (Imphal), Umiam, Meghalaya (793 103), India
  • Arti Kumari
  • School of Crop Protection, College of Post Graduate Studies in Agricultural Sciences, Central Agricultural University (Imphal), Umiam, Meghalaya (793 103), India
  • Madhusmita Mahanta
  • School of Crop Protection, College of Post Graduate Studies in Agricultural Sciences, Central Agricultural University (Imphal), Umiam, Meghalaya (793 103), India
  • Anwesha Sharma
  • School of Crop Protection, College of Post Graduate Studies in Agricultural Sciences, Central Agricultural University (Imphal), Umiam, Meghalaya (793 103), India

Abstract

Pests and diseases cause 20-40% of crops to be wiped out annually. Currently existing plant disease management strategies solely employ harmful pesticides, which are harmful for the environment and for people. When it comes to decreasing toxicity, extending the shelf life and making poorly water-soluble pesticides more soluble, nanotechnology is a blessing that may have a favorable effect on the environment. The fundamental unit of nanotechnology, nanoparticles, can be used in phytopathology to manage plant diseases in a variety of ways. They can be used as RNA-interference molecules, pesticide nanocarriers, or protectants. Furthermore, beyond their role as carriers for genetic material, probes and agrichemicals, nanoparticles hold potential as tailored biosensors, serving as diagnostic instruments. These days, biological organisms are a novel source for nanoparticle manufacturing. The nano-bioformulations are made up of the biological systems used to synthesize nanoparticles. Because of their exceptional efficiency and affordability, the adoption of plant extracts or microbial enzymes for the biosynthesis of nano-formulations is rapidly gaining momentum within the realm of nano-bioformulations. Owing to their tiny size (1-100 nm), an environmental risk assessment is necessary, especially when it comes to ingestion as food or feed. Agricultural applications have seen the commercialization of exiguous nanoparticle-based solutions, despite the numerous potential benefits linked to their use. Therefore, this demands nanotechnology be applied in farmer's fields to fill the voids in scientific research.

Keywords

Bioformulations, Nano-bioformulations, Nanoparticles, Nanotechnology, Phytopathology

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