Plant Health Archives, Volume 1, Issue 2 : 18-28. Doi : 10.54083/PHA/1.2.2023/18-28
Review Article

Published on : 17-Jul-2023

Tea Mosquito Bug (Helopeltis spp.): A Pest of Economically Important Fruit and Plantation Crops: Its Status and Management Prospects

  • Sankarganesh E.
  • Plant Biosecurity Division, National Institute of Plant Health Management (NIPHM), Rajendranagar, Hyderabad, Telangana (500 030), India
  • Lavanya Sravani B.
  • Dept. of Agricultural Entomology, Bidhan Chandra Krishi Viswavidyalaya (BCKV), Mohanpur, West Bengal (741 252), India
  • Rajeshwaran B.
  • Dept. of Agricultural Entomology, Kerala Agricultural University (KAU), Vellayani, Kerala (695 522), India
  • Mounika M.N.
  • Dept. of Agricultural Entomology, Bidhan Chandra Krishi Viswavidyalaya (BCKV), Mohanpur, West Bengal (741 252), India

Abstract

The tea mosquito bug (Hemiptera: Miridae) is the recognized pest of fruits and plantations across the world. In India, three species viz. Helopeltis antoniiH. bradyi and H. theivora are dominant among different species and found attacking a wide range of crops. Several alternate host plants of the tea mosquito bug have been recorded, especially in Africa and Asia. The nymphs and adults of the tea mosquito bug suck the sap from leaves, buds and shoots, which results in heavy crop losses. The pest is posing a serious challenge in domestic and overseas trades. For better management decisions, it is very much important to know about pest status, bionomics, distribution, host range, etc. The focus on the management of tea mosquito bug has to emphasize from chemical to traditional, indigenous technical knowledge and integrated pest management using the accessible resources to reduce the resistance development and limit the residual effects. This review highlights the significant works conducted on tea mosquito bug with detailed management strategies. The information on current status, host preference, incidence and early detection of this pest are discussed.

Keywords

Helopeltis, Host range, Integrated pest management, Oriental region, Tea mosquito bug

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