Research Biotica, Volume 2, Issue 3 : 88-90. Doi : 10.54083/ResBio/2.3.2020.88-90
Research Article

Published on : 12-Aug-2020

Biochemical Characteristics of Bitter Gourd (Momordica charantia L.) in Southern India

  • Sathish M.
  • Horticultural College and Research Institute, TNAU, Periyakulam, Theni, Tamil Nadu (625 604), India
  • Lakshmanan V.
  • Horticultural College and Research Institute, TNAU, Periyakulam, Theni, Tamil Nadu (625 604), India
  • Juliet Hepziba S.
  • Horticultural College and Research Institute, TNAU, Periyakulam, Theni, Tamil Nadu (625 604), India
  • Balakumbahan R.
  • Horticultural College and Research Institute, TNAU, Periyakulam, Theni, Tamil Nadu (625 604), India
  • Y. M. Mahadev Prasad
  • Horticultural College and Research Institute, TNAU, Periyakulam, Theni, Tamil Nadu (625 604), India

Abstract

In this present investigation, F4 progenies of three cross combinations of bitter gourd namely, P1 × P4 (MC105 × Pant karela-2), P2 × P4 (TCR471 × Pant karela-2), P3 × P6 (BBGS-09-1 × Arka  Harit) and their respective parents P1 (MC105), P2 (TCR471), P3 (BBGS-09-1), P4 (Pant karela-2), and P5 (Arka Harit) were used to analyze the biochemical properties such as total soluble solids, protein content, ascorbic acid content, iron content, momordicine content and total chlorophyll content. The experiment with three cross combination was laid out in a randomized block design. The experiment revealed that the TSS was maximum in progeny P2 × P4 (2.52 ºbrix) while it was minimum in P1 × P4 (2.38 ºbrix). The maximum protein content (1.78%) was recorded in P2 × P4 while it was minimum (1.70%) in P1 × P4. The maximum ascorbic acid content (103.50 mg-100 g-1), iron content (2 mg/kg-1), momordicine content (1.98 mg-g-1) and total chlorophyll content (0.43 mg-100 g-1) was recorded in progeny P1 × P4.

Keywords

Biochemical characters, Bitter gourd, Momordica charantia L., Parents, Progenies

No. of Views (79)

Full Article