Research Biotica, Volume 5, Issue 4 : 158-161. Doi : 10.54083/ResBio/5.4.2023/158-161
Research Article

Published on : 13-Dec-2023

Characterization of Traditional Rice Varieties for Leaf Blast Resistant Genes Pi5, Pi54, Pi9 and Pi2 using Gene Specific Markers

  • A. Shanmugam
  • Dept. of Genetics and Plant Breeding, Tamil Nadu Agricultural University, Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu (641 003), India
  • R. Suresh
  • Dept. of Genetics and Plant Breeding, Tamil Nadu Agricultural University, Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu (641 003), India
  • A. Ramanathan
  • Agricultural Research Station, Kattuthottam, Thanjavur, Tamil Nadu (613 501), India
  • P. Anandhi
  • Tamil Nadu Rice Research Institute, Aduthurai, Thanjavur, Tamil Nadu (612 101), India
  • R. Pushpa
  • Tamil Nadu Rice Research Institute, Aduthurai, Thanjavur, Tamil Nadu (612 101), India
  • D. Sassikumar
  • Sugarcane Research Station, Cuddalore, Tamil Nadu (607 001), India

Abstract

Magnaporthe oryzae poses a serious risk to rice growing regions worldwide. To combat this, future breeding efforts that aim to develop resistant varieties will need to identify and screen blast-resistant cultivars from existing germplasms. Thus, present study aimed to identify four major blast resistant genes (Pi54Pi5Pi2 and Pi9) in 20 traditional rice varieties using functional and linked markers. Results of the present study identified that fifteen traditional rice landraces were found to possess at least one resistant gene and three traditional landraces (AanaikombanChenellu and Jai Sri Ram) had two resistant genes. These identified traditional rice landraces could be used as promising donor against rice blast disease for future rice breeding programmes to develop superior cultivars.

Keywords

Gene linked markers, Functional marker, Blast, Traditional varieties

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