Research Biotica, Volume 5, Issue 1 : 07-10. Doi : 10.54083/ResBio/5.1.2023/07-10
Review Article

Published on : 28-Jan-2023

Conservation of Natural Habitat for Sustaining Indigenous Ornamental Fish Stock: Prime Need of the Hour amidst Development and Industrialization

  • Banlam J. Marbaniang
  • ICAR-Central Institute of Fisheries Education, Versova, Andheri (W), Mumbai, Maharashtra (400 061), India
  • Venerability Dhar
  • ICAR-Central Institute of Fisheries Education, Versova, Andheri (W), Mumbai, Maharashtra (400 061), India
  • Supratim Malla
  • College of Fisheries, Central Agricultural University (I), Lembucherra, West Tripura, Tripura (799 210), India
  • Debojit Dekari
  • College of Fisheries, Central Agricultural University (I), Lembucherra, West Tripura, Tripura (799 210), India
  • Nayan Chouhan
  • College of Fisheries, Central Agricultural University (I), Lembucherra, West Tripura, Tripura (799 210), India

Abstract

The rapidly increasing developmental activities around the globe are ultimately compromising with the existence of rich biodiversity in the ecosystem. Development at any cost should never affect the flora and fauna of a particular geographical location adversely. Wild fish stocks are getting depleted due to the anthropogenic activities carried out by man which disrupts their natural habitat, feeding and breeding grounds due to the output and waste generated from them which proves to be detrimental to the fish biodiversity. Moreover, 85% of ornamental fish according to studies, are caught from the wild for marketing purposes and if the natural habitat remains the sole source of exploitation, sooner or later the stock may get completely vanished. In order to sustain and maintain a healthy and rich environment, the organisms dwelling in it should not be stressed in any way so that they can normally thrive and enhance its population to conserve the environment because for centuries they have co-existed with that environment through which a positive mutual correlation has been created which is necessary to achieve the goal of a healthy and rich diversity. Therefore, necessary and concrete measures and strategies such as standardization of captive breeding techniques, ranching, regulatory measures etc. should be devised and implemented to achieve the said goal.

Keywords

Biodiversity, Conservation, Fisheries, Strategies, Sustainability

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