Research Biotica, Volume 3, Issue 1 : 44-46. Doi : 10.54083/ResBio/3.1.2021.44-46
Review Article

Published on : 12-Mar-2021

General Studies of Induced Genotoxicity and Oxidative Stress on Horticultural Crops

  • Chandan Singh Ahirwar
  • School of Agriculture, ITM University, Gwalior, Madhya Pradesh (474 001), India
  • Ravindra Nath
  • School of Agriculture, ITM University, Gwalior, Madhya Pradesh (474 001), India

Abstract

Genotoxicity is a word in genetics defined as a destructive effect on a cell's genetic material (DNA & RNA) affecting its integrity. Genotoxins are mutagens; they can cause mutations. In genetics, genotoxicity describes the property of chemical agents that damages the genetic information within a cell causing mutations, which may lead to cancer. While genotoxicity is often confused with mutagenicity, all mutagens are genotoxic, whereas not all genotoxic substances are mutagenic. The alteration can have direct or indirect effects on the DNA: the induction of mutations, mistimed event activation, and direct DNA damage leading to mutations. The permanent, heritable changes can affect either somatic cells of the organism or germ cells to be passed on to future generations, the alteration can have direct or indirect effects on the DNA: the induction of mutations, mistimed event activation, and direct DNA damage leading to mutations. The permanent, heritable changes can affect either somatic cells of the organism or germ cells to be passed on to future generations.

Keywords

Genotoxicity, Horticulture crops, Importance, In-vitro testing, Oxidative, Stress

No. of Views (81)

Full Article