Research Biotica, Volume 4, Issue 3 : 161-165. Doi : 10.54083/ResBio/4.3.2022/161-165
Research Article

Published on : 29-Sep-2022

Integrated Pest and Disease Management (IPDM) Approach in Mulberry Sericulture of Jammu & Kashmir

  • Irfan Illahi
  • P3, Basic Seed Farm, NSSO, Central Silk Board, Ambari Falakata, West Bengal (735 135), India
  • Vishal Mittal
  • Central Tasar Research & Training Institute, Ranchi, Jharkhand (835 303), India
  • Sharmila K.K.
  • National Silkworm Seed Organization, Central Silk Board, Bangalore, Karnataka (560 068), India

Abstract

Jammu and Kashmir is one of the traditional sericultural states of India, produces 735 MT of cocoons which is converted into 98 MT of raw silk. Spring is the major silkworm rearing season of J&K when fresh mulberry leaf is available for rearing the silkworm, Bombyx mori L. The food plant of silkworm, mulberry is affected by various insect pests viz., Glyphodes pyloalisSpilosoma obliqueAmsacta lactineaHemerophilla atrilineata etc., and diseases like leaf spot and powdery mildew. In integrated pest and disease management of mulberry various factors such as cultural, mechanical, biological and bio-pesticides management practices have been adopted to control the pests as well as the diseases of mulberry. The major diseases are powdery mildew and leaf spot which affect the foliage of the mulberry plant thereby reducing the quality and quantity of the silkworm feed. The present study was conducted to identify the suitable IPDM approach to manage pest and diseases in mulberry sericulture of Jammu & Kashmir. Results showed that the impact of IPDM the incidence of insect pest to an extent of 43.66% and 48.82% by leaf Webber and semilooper respectively. Leaf spot and powdery mildew disease of mulberry was also reduced up to 39.56% and 49.92% respectively. By adopting 100% IPDM module cocoon yield was increased up to 4 kg 100 disease free laying (dfl).

Keywords

Diseases, Insects, Mulberry, Pests, Sericulture

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