Research Biotica, Volume 3, Issue 1 : 81-87. Doi : 10.54083/ResBio/3.1.2021.81-87
Review Article

Published on : 31-Mar-2021

Pharmacological Properties and Screening of Antibacterial Activities of Bael (Aegle marmelos L.)

  • M.A. Kuchay
  • Dept. of Fruit Science, Dr. YSP University of Horticulture and Forestry, Nauni, Solan, Himachal Pradesh (173 230), India
  • D.D. Sharma
  • Dept. of Fruit Science, Dr. YSP University of Horticulture and Forestry, Nauni, Solan, Himachal Pradesh (173 230), India
  • Bhawna Kaushal
  • Dept. of Fruit Science, Dr. YSP University of Horticulture and Forestry, Nauni, Solan, Himachal Pradesh (173 230), India
  • Suhail Altaf
  • Division of Plant Pathology, SKUAST-Kashmir, Shalimar, Jammu & Kashmir (190 025), India
  • Vijay Kumar
  • Dept. of Microbiology, Career Point University, Hamirpur, Himachal Pradesh (176 041), India

Abstract

Bael (Aegle marmelos) used as a medicinal plant in the Ayurveda to treat various gastrointestinal diseases in infants and adults. In India, it is locally known as 'Bael'. Various phytochemical constituents of different parts of bael are responsible for hepatoprotective activity, antioxidant activity, antidiabetic activity, analgesic activity and antibacterial activity. Antibacterial screening of medicinal constituents extracted from plant parts with different solvents had vast therapeutic potential which can provide lesser side effects than with synthetic antibiotics. Among the all parts, the fruits were showing premier results against bacterial strains. Phytochemical screening of aqueous, metholic, and chloroform extract of different parts of Aegle marmelos against bacterial strains. The maximum inhibition zones against bacterial strains are dose dependent and extract solvents. The antibacterial activity varied in different parts of bael tree due to the presence of bioactive constituents such as tannins, saponins, terpenoids, alkaloids, skimminine, aegelin, lupeol, cineole, citral, citronellal, cuminaldehyde, eugenol, marmesin, marmelosin, and polyphenols.

Keywords

Aegle marmelos, Antibacterial, Bael, Bioactive compounds, Pharmacological properties, Solvent

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