Plants can be used in the cleanup and prevention of environmental pollution. This relatively new and green technology that uses natural processes to break down, stabilize, or accumulate pollutants. Phytoremediation-related processes might amend the situation or chemical makeup of contaminants. Multidisciplinary studies will help to develop a better understanding of the ecological interactions that contribute to phytoremediation, the effects of phytoremediation on ecological relationships, and the movement of pollutants through ecosystems. Phytoremediation, requires careful choice of plant species and management practices are key to promoting ecological restoration and preventing pollutant dispersal. Native/local plant species with effective remediation properties should be used that provide natural hydraulic control and soil stabilization should be selected.
phytoremediation, waste water, water recycling