Journal of Ethnopharmacology and Toxicology, Volume 1, Issue 1 : 1-5. Doi : 10.37446/jet/ra/1.1.2023.1-5
Review Article

Published on : 31-Dec-2023

Understanding the complex interplay: how social and economic development impact lake ecosystems

  • Munish Sharma
  • Department of Plant Sciences, Central University of Himachal Pradesh, Shahpur, Kangra-176206, Himachal Pradesh, India.
  • Simran Sharma
  • Department of Environmental Science, Central University of Himachal Pradesh, Shahpur, Kangra-176206, Himachal Pradesh, India.
  • Arvind Kumar Sharma
  • Department of Zoology and Environmental Science, Gurukul Kangri (Deemed to be University) Haridwar-249404, Uttarakhand, India.
  • Munish Sharma
  • Department of Plant Sciences, Central University of Himachal Pradesh, Shahpur, Kangra-176206, Himachal Pradesh, India.
  • Munit Sharma
  • Assistant Professor, Department of Botany, Thakur P.G. College of Education, Dhaliara-177103, Dehra, Himachal Pradesh, India.
  • Amit Kumar Sharma
  • Department of Animal Science, Central University of Himachal Pradesh, Shahpur, Kangra-176206, Himachal Pradesh, India.

Abstract

Lakes play an important role in the ecosystem and offer a variety of benefits for humans, such as providing water and food for humans to consume as well as purifying water to benefit ecosystems. There has been an increase in the quantity of contaminants due to the growth in and around the lake, which has resulted in a decrease in the water level of the lake. Runoff from agricultural fields, untreated sewage discharge, and silt from nearby water catchments are all factors that have contributed to the degradation of the lake's water quality. Due to the vulnerability of lakes to water pollution as a result of socioeconomic development, the quality of the water in lakes is under enormous pressure, which highlights the importance of fully comprehending how developments such as these negatively impact the quality of the water in lakes. In spite of this, studies that investigate the relationship between socioeconomic development and the quality of water often overlook those factors that have a theoretical basis and those that influence the selection process of those factors. There are certain lakes that become eutrophic due to the presence of excessive algae and macrophytes as a result of high nutrient levels. The management of a lake can be enhanced through a variety of mitigation measures, such as planting trees in the catchment area, educating the public, managing solid waste, and conducting continuous monitoring in order to reduce the impact on the lake.

Keywords

lake ecosystem, socio-economic, anthropogenic, water quality, pollution, conservation

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